Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Includes full-score musical examples from works by Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, and others. Music Books | Music History and Theory – Books on Music; /; Treatise on Instrumentation By: Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned.

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A few random examples: Home Viola Calendar What’s New? Its power can be limited or considerable depending on whether it draws on the totality or only part of the performing resources available to modern music, and depending on whether those resources are well chosen or not and set out in acoustic conditions that are more or less favourable.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

The only exception that should be made is for those instruments that are excessively powerful or have a timbre that stands out because of its individuality. How could one enumerate all the harmonic characteristics that each of these different groups might assume when combined with groups that blend or contrast with it! He must first appoint two assistant conductors who when beating time in the general rehearsals must constantly keep their eye on him so as to communicate the tempo to the masses that are too far away from the centre.

Bornstein Limited preview – The result is that many effects are lost with opera orchestras and numerous delicate nuances go for nothing, even when the hecgor is of the highest standard. Instead, the strong beat of every bar is struck, the orchestra is crushed, the instrumetnation obliterated; nothing is left, neither melody, nor harmony, nor line; even the tonality barely emerges.

It took seventy years to reach that point! Sticks with sponge heads are the best; they are the most musical and are less noisy, and should be used most of the time.

The melodium does not have the mixture stops of the organ, the effect of which is traditionally admired by many people, but which in reality are an open door to the most dreadful confusion. The latter consists of an imposing mass oh string instruments, all the other wind instruments doubled or tripled, and ten musicians playing eight pairs of timpani tuned to different notes. Harp harmonicsespecially with several harps in unison, are even more magical. The orchestra may be thought of as a large instrument that is capable of producing simultaneously or in succession a multitude of sounds of different kinds.


On the contrary, that is the pointin everything and everywhere. It is equally suitable for martial ideas, for cries of fury and vengeance, and for songs of triumph. The upper notes have a somewhat painful and suffering character, I might call it almost pitiful; these can sometimes be used in a slow melody, or in an accompanying passage, with the most striking results. Instrumentatiln has taken nearly a century to reach that point.

A brief tratise of conducting practices in Europe during Berlioz’s day. There are only few examples in his orchestral writing, and when he makes use of this it is almost always for a special effect.

The effect has a stabbing, lacerating quality, like a dagger blow. This hectoor them suitable for compositions of a funereal or awe-inspiring character. Care should be taken in this case to provide numerous tuning forks in the orchestra; this is the only way to preserve exactly the correct pitch of a crowd of instruments that are so different in character and temperament.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss – Google Books

It should be noted that in this example and in many other passages Beethoven has given to the basses low notes which they cannot play, and this suggests that the orchestra for which he wrote included double basses which could reach down to C an octave below ihstrumentation low C of the cellos, which are no longer found today.

Straussand Rimsky-Korsakov. Some great masters, Mozart among them, have not avoided this pitfall. The different keys of the saxhorn, like those of the cornet, start in descending order from the typical instrument, the little soprano saxhorn in C, which is an octave above the cornet in Instrumentwtion.

Table of contents Top of the page.

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, Op.10 (Berlioz, Hector)

Pianissimo notes from the bass drum, when combined with cymbals in an andante and struck at long intervals, have a majestic and solemn quality. It renders these admirably in cantabile passages.

Among all percussion instruments the timpani seem to me the most valuable, or at least those which are most commonly used, and from which modern composers have been able to draw the greatest number of picturesque or dramatic effects. They can also be used to excellent effect in symphonic music, even in vigorous passages, whether played by all the string sections together, or by only one or two parts. Suppose a mass of voices placed in the choir of a instrumentatikn, far away from the organ, and interrupting its chant to let the organ repeat it, in whole or in part; suppose even that the chorus, in a ceremony of a sad character, was accompanied by a lament alternating between the orchestra and the organ from the two extremities of the church, with the organ following the orchestra like a mysterious echo of its lament.

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To accompany instrimentation vocal rehearsals use will be made either of an organ, or of a piano assisted with a few stringed instruments, violins and basses. Beethoven has also made use of these barely articulated notes sc.

Treatise on Instrumentation

The sound of the two piccolos comes out an octave above and therefore produces sequences of elevenths, the harshness of which is extremely appropriate in the context. Apart from the special skill required from the timpanist in the handling of sticks, he needs to be a first rate musician who is gifted with an exceptionally sensitive ear: Here is the lonely virgin, the blond betrothed of the huntsman, who raises her eyes to heaven and mingles her gentle lament with the sounds of the deep forests shaken by the storm.

The use made by most composers of the lower notes of the flute is limited or unsatisfactory. The extreme delicacy of the harmonics trewtise enhanced in this passage by the use of mutes; trsatise the sound thus reduced the notes come from the highest regions of the musical scale, which could hardly be reached by the use of normal violin sounds. The use made of the piano in the single example I have just mentioned is quite different.

This effect was unknown to Mozart, Weberand Beethoven. But to write for it as has been done these last fifteen years, where it is introduced in every ensemble, in every finale, in the slightest chorus, in dance tunes, even in cavatinas, this is the height of insanity and, to call things by their name, of brutality. At first some would only accept as music sequences of consonant harmonies, interspersed with a few dissonant suspensions.